Review of Competitive Bidding Frameworks for Natural Resource Rights

Over the past decade, there has been a trend toward integrating competitive bidding provisions for mineral rights allocation into national legislation. Given this trend, CCSI undertook a comprehensive review of legal frameworks that govern the grant of mineral rights in twenty-nine (29) mineral-rich countries. This survey is intended to assist policymakers and researchers to better understand and access comparative practice from around the world.

Countries with laws that provide for competitive bidding are separated out below for ease of reference:


– Australia – Queensland

– Canada – Province of Alberta

– Democratic Republic of Congo

– Guinea


– Indonesia

– Kazakhstan

– Liberia

– Mexico

– Nigeria

– Sierra Leone

– United States of America

– Vietnam


These profiles may be updated from time to time and CCSI welcomes any comments or corrections, including with respect to any omissions.